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TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation) is an electrotherapy technique that uses low-frequency electrical currents applied to the skin to stimulate peripheral nerves. In neurological physiotherapy, TENS is used for several purposes:

Pain relief: TENS acts on the nerve fibers that transmit the sensation of pain, helping to block or reduce the patient's perception of pain. This is useful in cases of neuropathic pain or spasticity associated with neurological injuries.

Muscle stimulation: TENS can be used to stimulate muscle contraction in patients with muscle weakness or atrophy due to neurological injury. This type of stimulation helps prevent muscle loss and can improve motor function and control.

Neuromuscular facilitation: TENS can be used to facilitate neuromuscular re-education in patients recovering from neurological injuries. Electrical stimulation helps improve communication between the nervous system and muscles, promoting the recovery of movements and functions.

Improved circulation: Electrical stimulation with TENS can improve blood circulation in the treated area, promoting tissue recovery and healing.

It is important to note that TENS is a complementary therapy and should be used in conjunction with other treatment strategies in neurological rehabilitation, such as physical therapy, occupational therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy.

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