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CHILD REHABILITATION

At FIVAN we lead comprehensive and interdisciplinary care in the rehabilitation of pediatric patients, from childhood to early adulthood. We treat traumatic injuries, congenital and neurodevelopmental disorders.

PREMSTUNNING

ANDn Spain, the tPremature birth rate in 2019 was 7.6%, representing nearly 27,000 premature babies, according to ddata from the National Institute of Statistics (INE). On the other hand, the Spanish Society of Neonatology (SENEO) points out that thanks to the advancesit's in the atention, the neonatal mortality rate in babies born at less than 32 weeks of gestation has been significantly reduced in recent decades, going from 60% in lThe 70s around 10% today.

child in wheelchair

The preMaturity refers to birth before 37 weeks of gestation and can have different degrees of severity. Extreme prematurity occurs before 28 weeks of gestation, while very low prematurity occurs between 28 and 32 weeks of gestation. Low prematurity occurs when the baby is born between 32 and 37 weeks of gestation.

Premature babies should receive specialized medical care and, in some cases, rehabilitation to prevent or minimize these complications.

It is important to note that prematurity can have complications in the health of the newborn, such as breathing difficulties, low birth weight, jaundice and neurological problems. For this reason, it is essential that premature babies receive specialized medical care and, in some cases, rehabilitation to prevent or minimize these complications.

Rehabilitation is a set of therapeutic interventions that can help premature babies develop motor and cognitive skills for a healthy life. These interventions may include physical, occupational, speech, and other types of specialized therapy, tailored to the needs of each baby.

Among the most common neurological problems in premature babies are intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, seizures, developmental delay, and cerebral palsy. All of these problems can be avoided or reduced with early treatment and specialized, personalized care. At our neurological rehabilitation clinic, we are committed to your recovery and well-being.

At FIVAN we offer specialized and personalized care to those patients who need to overcome the difficulties that may arise as a result of a low birth weight or complications in their early development, helping them reach their full potential.+Info

BRAIN DAMAGE IN CHILDREN

Brain damage in children occurs when the child's brain suffers an injury, which can affect their cognitive, emotional and motor development. This injury can be caused by a variety of reasons, such as infection, head trauma, genetic disease, lack of oxygen during childbirth, or problems during pregnancy.

In Spain, around 1,000 cases of damage occurerebral acquired in children under 15 years of age every year, according to data from the Ministry of Health. Of these cases, 15% are caused by a traumatic head injury, while the rest are due to other causes, such as illness or lack of oxygen during childbirth.

The impThe act of brain damage in the child will depend on the severity and location of the brain injury, as well as the age of the child atthe time the injury occurred. Symptoms may include speech difficulties, learning problems, motor problems, seizures, sleep disorders, emotional and behavioral problems.

Treatment of brain damage in children will depend on the cause and severity of the brain injury. Various therapies can be applied, such as speech therapy, occupational therapy, physical therapy, and behavioral therapy. Additionally, medications may be prescribed to control symptoms and prevent complications.

Adult in wheelchair playing with a child

INFANTIL CEREBRAL PALSY (ICP)

Infantile cerebral palsy is a movement and posture disorder that occurs due to an injury to the brain early in life. This injury can cause symptoms such as muscle spasms, stiffness, lack of coordination, and problems walking. PCI is a chronic condition that can have different causes, such as a brain injury during childbirth, an infection during pregnancy, head trauma, or a genetic disease.

In Spain, it is estimated that there are around 120,000 people with PCI, of which 80% were diagnosed before the age of 2, according to data from the Spanish Federation of Cerebral Palsy (FEDPC). PCI affects around 2-3 of every 1,000 live births in Spain, and around 1,800 children are born with PCI each year.

The impact of PCI on the child will depend on the severity and location of the brain injury. There are several types of PCI, which are classified according to the type and location of symptoms. The three main types of PCI are spastic, dyskinetic, and ataxic. Each type of PCI can have different degrees of severity and must be evaluated individually by a specialized medical team.

Teenage girl in wheelchair with stars

Treatment for PCI focuses on symptom management and skill development to help the child reach his or her full potential. This may include therapies such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and behavioral therapy, as well as medications to control symptoms and prevent complications. Surgery may also be an option for some children with PCI, depending on the type and severity of the condition. Each therapy has a different focus.

Physical therapy can improve mobility, flexibility, and muscle strength, while occupational therapy focuses on helping the child perform daily tasks. Speech therapy focuses on improving a child's ability to communicate and develop language skills. Behavioral therapy can help improve a child's ability to control their emotions and behavior.

 

Although PCI is a condition that cannot be cured, proper treatment and rehabilitation can significantly improve a child's quality of life and allow them to lead a full and active life. It is important that the child receives individualized attention and care from a specialized medical team to obtain the best possible results.

At FIVAN we provide comprehensive and personalized care to patients with childhood cerebral palsy, using advanced techniques and technologies to help them improve their mobility, communication and general quality of life.+Info

​GENETIC SYNDROMES AND RARE DISEASES

Genetic syndromes are disorders caused by mutations in the individual's genes. These mutations can affect one or several functions of the body, such as physical development, metabolism, and the immune system. Genetic syndromes can be inherited or can occur spontaneously and can have different degrees of severity, from mild to life-threatening. Infantile genetic syndromes afect the physical and/or cognitive development of children.

Boy in a wheelchair playing with the stars

Some of the most common genetic syndromes in childhood include Down Syndrome, Turner Syndrome, Angelman Syndrome, Prader-Willi Syndrome and Williams Syndrome. It is important to note that these disorders can vary significantly in their symptoms and severity, and that treatment must be tailored to the individual needs of each child.

Rare diseases are disorders that affect a small number of people compared to the general population. These diseases are often chronic, debilitating, and can have a wide variety of symptoms and degrees of severity. Most rare diseases are genetic in origin, but they can also be caused by infections, exposure to toxic substances, or autoimmune problems.

Rare diseases can be difficult to diagnose because they are rare and may have similar symptoms to more common diseases. People with rare diseases often face significant challenges in accessing specialized medical care, treatments and emotional support. Some of the most common rare childhood diseases include Angelman Syndrome, Batten Disease, Coffin-Lowry Syndrome, Cornelia de Lange Syndrome, Gaucher Disease, Hirschsprung Disease, Hunter Syndrome, of Krabbe, Morquio Syndrome, Niemann-Pick Disease, Prader-Willi Syndrome, Rett Syndrome, Turner Syndrome, Wilson Disease and Wolfram Syndrome."

 

At FIVAN we focus on providing specialized care to patients with rare diseases and genetic syndromes, offering innovative and cutting-edge therapies to improve their mobility, communication and cognitive abilities, helping them reach their maximum potential.+Info

CHILDREN'S STROKE

Childhood stroke, also known as childhood cerebrovascular accident, is a rare condition that occurs when there is a disruption of blood flow to a child's brain. This interruption of blood flow can be caused by different factors, such as a brain hemorrhage, a clotor blood or blockage of an artery. In Spain, according to data from the Spanish Society of Neurology, stroke affects around 120 children a year, which represents around 2% of all stroke cases.

Boy in a wheelchair with the moon in the background

Infant stroke can cause a variety of symptoms, depending on the location and severity of the blood flow interruption. Some of the common symptoms include weakness or paralysis on one side of the body, difficulty speaking or understanding language, balance and coordination problems, and vision changes. Risk factors for childhood stroke include pre-existing medical conditions, such as heart disease, and head injuries. Diagnosis and treatment of childhood stroke can be challenging because it is a rare condition and can present symptoms similar to other diseases.

Treatment for childhood stroke depends on the cause and severity of the blood flow interruption and may include different therapies, such as physical therapy, speech therapy, and occupational therapy. Medications may also be prescribed to control symptoms and prevent complications.

At FIVAN we provide specialized and personalized care to children who have suffered a stroke, using advanced techniques and innovative therapies to help them regain their mobility, communication and cognitive skills, and supporting them on their path to a complete and successful recovery.+Info

CHILDREN'S BRAIN TUMOR

A childhood brain tumor is an abnormal growth of cells in a child's brain or spinal cord. Brain tumors can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant.os (cancerous), and can occur in different parts of the brain and spinal cord.

Brain tumor is a rare disease in the pediatric population, although it can be serious and have significant consequences for the development and quality of life of affected children.

In Spain, according to the Spanish Society of Pediatric Oncology, it is estimated that around 300 cases of brain tumors are diagnosed each year in children under 14 years of age. The 5-year survival rate for children with brain tumors is approximately 70%, although it can vary significantly depending on the type of tumor and the treatment received.

Young man in wheelchair

Childhood brain tumor symptoms can vary, depending on the location and size of the tumor, but some of the most common symptoms include headaches, vomiting, vision changes, seizures, weakness or paralysis on one side of the body, and in personality or behavior.

Diagnosing childhood brain tumor can be challenging because symptoms may be similar to other diseases, and different tests, such as CT scans and MRIs, may be required to confirm the diagnosis.

Childhood brain tumor treatment depends on the type and severity of the tumor and may include different options, such as surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. The treatment can have significant side effects, so it is important that specialized monitoring and care is provided for the child.

 

Rehabilitation in childhood brain tumor is a comprehensive process that seeks to help the child recover the physical and cognitive skills lost due to the tumor and its treatment. Rehabilitation focuses on helping the child return to daily activities, such as walking, talking, and eating.

Rehabilitation may include different types of therapy, such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and psychological therapy. Each type of therapy is tailored to the child's needs and focuses on improving their quality of life and helping them reach their full potential.

  1. Physical therapy: Physical therapy focuses on helping the child improve muscle strength, balance, and coordination. A physical therapist can design a plan of specific exercises and therapies to help a child improve his or her ability to move and perform daily activities.

  2. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy focuses on helping a child develop skills to perform daily tasks, such as dressing, eating, and playing. An occupational therapist can work with the child to improve coordination, dexterity, and muscle strength.

  3. Speech therapy: Speech therapy focuses on improving a child's ability to communicate and develop language skills. A speech therapist can work with the child to improve his or her ability to speak, understand, and use language.

  4. Psychological therapy: Psychological therapy can help the child manage the stress and anxiety associated with childhood brain tumor and its treatment. A psychological therapist can work with the child and family to develop strategies to manage behavior, improve attention, and reduce anxiety.

 

At FIVAN we are committed to providing comprehensive and personalized care to children who have experienced the consequences of a brain tumor, using innovative and advanced therapies to help them overcome the difficulties that may arise, improve their well-being and quality of life, and help them achieve their goal. Maximum potential.+Info

CHILDREN'S HEAD TRAUMA

Childhood head trauma is an injury to a child's head that can occur due to a fall, traffic accident, or abuse. Head trauma can be mild, moderate or severe, and can affect different parts of the brain.

Worldwide, TBI is one of the main causes of disability and mortality in children and young people.

In Spain, according to data from the National Statistics Institute, 3,407 cases of TBI were recorded in children under 14 years of age in 2020. Boys had a higher rate than girls. The main causes of TBI were traffic accidents and falls.

 

Rehabilitation in childhood head trauma focuses on helping the child recover from the physical and cognitive skills lost due to head trauma. Rehabilitation is tailored to the child's individual needs and may include different types of therapy, such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and psychological therapy.

  1. Physical Therapy: Physical therapy focuses on helping the child regain muscle strength, balance, and coordination. A physical therapist can design a plan of specific exercises and therapies to help a child improve his or her ability to move and perform daily activities.

  2. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy focuses on helping a child develop skills to perform daily tasks, such as dressing, eating, and playing. An occupational therapist can work with the child to improve coordination, dexterity, and muscle strength.

  3. Speech therapy: Speech therapy focuses on improving a child's ability to communicate and develop language skills. A speech therapist can work with the child to improve his or her ability to speak, understand, and use language.

  4. Psychological therapy: Psychological therapy can help a child manage the stress and anxiety associated with head trauma. A psychological therapist can work with the child and family to develop strategies to manage behavior, improve attention, and reduce anxiety.

At FIVAN we focus on offering specialized and personalized care to children who have suffered Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), using advanced techniques and innovative therapies to help them regain their mobility, communication and cognitive skills, and supporting them on their path to a complete and healthy recovery. successful.+Info

NEURODEVELOPMENT DISORDERS

Neurodevelopmental disorders are conditions that affect the development of the brain and nervous system in children. These disorders can manifest themselves in different forms, such as learning difficulties, attention problems, autism, motor disorders, and speech and language disorders. Rehabilitation in neurodevelopmental disorders focuses on helping the child develop skills and overcome the challenges associated with the disorder. Rehabilitation is tailored to the child's individual needs and may include different types of therapy, such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and psychological therapy.

Boy sitting with his back thinking
  1. Physical therapy: Physical therapy focuses on helping the child improve muscle strength, balance, and coordination. A physical therapist can design a plan of specific exercises and therapies to help a child improve his or her ability to move and perform daily activities.

  2. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy focuses on helping a child develop skills to perform daily tasks, such as dressing, eating, and playing. An occupational therapist can work with the child to improve coordination, dexterity, and muscle strength.

  3. Speech therapy: Speech therapy focuses on improving a child's ability to communicate and develop language skills. A speech therapist can work with the child to improve his or her ability to speak, understand, and use language.

  4. Psychological therapy: Psychological therapy can help the child manage the stress and anxiety associated with the neurodevelopmental disorder. A psychological therapist can work with the child and family to develop strategies to manage behavior, improve attention, and reduce anxiety.

 

INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY

Intellectual disability is a condition in which an individual's brain development and intellectual ability are below average. This condition manifests itself in difficulty learning, understanding, and carrying out everyday tasks.

Intellectual disability can occur at different levels of severity, from mild to severe, and can be caused by different factors, such as genetics, brain injuries, infections, and exposure to toxic substances.

The symptoms of intellectual disability can vary, but some of the most common symptoms include difficulties following instructions, difficulties communicating, difficulties solving problems, and difficulties understanding abstract concepts.

Intellectual disability has no cure, but it can be managed with different therapies and approaches. Rehabilitation in intellectual disability focuses on improving the individual's communication, thinking and problem-solving skills.

Therapies and approaches may include:

  1. Speech and language therapy: Speech and language therapy focuses on helping the individual develop communication and language skills.

  2. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy focuses on helping the individual develop skills to perform daily tasks.

  3. Educational therapy: Educational therapy focuses on helping the individual learn academic skills.

  4. Behavioral therapy: Behavioral therapy focuses on helping the individual develop social and emotional skills.

 

In conclusion, intellectual disability is a condition in which an individual's brain development and intellectual ability are below average. Rehabilitation focuses on helping the individual develop communication, thinking and problem-solving skills to improve their quality of life and their ability to perform daily activities.

 

At FIVAN we are committed to providing personalized and specialized care to children with intellectual disabilities, using innovative and advanced therapies to help them overcome the difficulties that may arise, improve their well-being and quality of life, and help them reach their maximum potential.+Info

AUTISM

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that manifests itself in difficulties with communication, social interaction and behavior. Autism is a spectrum, meaning symptoms can range from mild to severe and can be different for each person.

 

The DSM-V (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition) identifies three types of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD):

  1. Autistic Disorder: is characterized by difficulties in communication and social interaction, along with repetitive or restrictive behavior patterns.

  2. Asperger's Disorder: It is characterized by difficulties in communication and social interaction, as well as repetitive or restrictive patterns of behavior, but without the presence of a significant delay in cognitive development.

  3. Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDND-NE): used when symptoms do not fully meet the criteria for Autistic Disorder or Asperger's Disorder, but there are still significant difficulties in communication and social interaction.

Treatments for autism focus on improving the quality of life of people who suffer from it. Treatments can vary, but some of the most common treatments include:

  1. Speech and language therapy: Speech and language therapy focuses on improving an individual's communication.

  2. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy focuses on helping the individual develop skills to perform daily tasks.

  3. Behavioral therapy: Behavioral therapy focuses on improving behavior and reducing problem behaviors.

  4. Cognitive-behavioral therapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy focuses on improving an individual's ability to manage stress and anxiety.

  5. Medications: Medications can be helpful in treating some symptoms of autism, such as anxiety and hyperactivity.

At FIVAN we provide comprehensive and personalized care to children with autism, using advanced techniques and technologies to help them improve their communication, social and emotional skills, and overall quality of life, supporting them on their path to greater independence and success.+Info

ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiological disorder characterized by difficulties in attention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. This disorder can affect children and adults.

There are three types of ADHD:

  1. Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive ADHD: characterized by increased hyperactivity and impulsivity, with difficulties maintaining attention.

  2. Predominantly inattentive ADHD: characterized by difficulties paying attention, with fewer symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity.

  3. Combined ADHD: characterized by a combination of symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity, along with difficulties maintaining attention.

Treatments for ADHD focus on improving the individual's ability to manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life. Treatments can vary, but some of the most common treatments include:

  1. Medications: Medications, such as stimulants, can help improve attention and reduce hyperactivity and impulsivity.

  2. Behavioral therapy: Behavioral therapy focuses on improving behavior and reducing problem behaviors. Therapists can help the individual develop strategies to manage ADHD symptoms.

  3. Cognitive-behavioral therapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy focuses on improving an individual's ability to manage stress and anxiety, and developing strategies to improve attention and reduce impulsivity.

  4. Speech and language therapy: Speech and language therapy focuses on improving an individual's ability to communicate and develop language skills.

At FIVAN we offer specialized and personalized care to children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), using innovative therapies and advanced techniques to help them improve their attention, concentration and cognitive skills, and supporting them on their path to a more successful and full.+Info

Pain in childhood is a common experience, but it can be particularly challenging for children with neurological problems. Neurological problems can cause chronic and acute pain, which can affect a child's quality of life. Treatment of childhood pain in children with neurological problems focuses on relieving pain and improving the child's quality of life.

Child sitting and the moon in the background

PAIN IN CHILDREN

Treatments can vary, but some of the most common treatments include:

  1. Medications: Medications can be helpful in relieving pain. Pain relievers, such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen, can be effective for mild pain. For chronic or severe pain, stronger medications, such as opioids, may be necessary.

  2. Physical therapy: Physical therapy focuses on helping the child develop physical skills to relieve pain. Specific exercises and therapies can help a child improve his or her ability to move and perform daily activities.

  3. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy focuses on helping a child develop skills to perform daily tasks. An occupational therapist can work with the child to improve coordination, dexterity, and muscle strength.

  4. Psychological therapy: Psychological therapy can help a child manage the stress and anxiety associated with chronic pain. A psychological therapist can work with the child and family to develop strategies to manage behavior, improve attention, and reduce anxiety.

At FIVAN we focus on providing comprehensive and personalized care to children who suffer from pain as a result of a neurological condition, using innovative and advanced therapies to help control their pain and improve their quality of life, while providing them with the emotional and psychological support they need. they need to face these challenges successfully.+Info

EPILEPSY IN CHILDHOOD

Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological conditions in childhood. According to the World Health Organization, it affects approximately 1% of children worldwide.undo. Epilepsy in childhood can be the result of a brain injury, infection, genetic abnormality, or metabolic disorder, among other factors.

Treatment of epilepsy in children depends on the type of epilepsy and the severity of the symptoms. Antiepileptic medications are often the first treatment approach, and most children can control their symptoms with these medications. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the area of the brain that is causing the seizures.

At FIVAN, we offer specialized and personalized care for children with epilepsy, using innovative techniques and therapies to help manage their symptoms, improve their quality of life and support their cognitive and emotional development. Additionally, we work closely with other healthcare professionals to ensure that our patients receive comprehensive, coordinated treatment for their specific needs. If your child suffers from epilepsy, please do not hesitate to contact us to find out more about how we can help.+Info

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