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REHABILITATION IN THE ADULT

The sooner you begin rehabilitation, the greater the potential for recovery. Our work reveals that patients benefit greatly from early, intensive therapy...regardless of type or severity. 

BRAIN DAMAGEBRAL ACQUIRED

Acquired brain injury (ABI) is an injury that affects the brain after birth, caused by illness, trauma, stroke, lack of oxygen or infection. ACD can affect different areas of the brain and can cause various symptoms and disabilities.

In Spain, according to the Sociedad Espyear of Neurology, it is estimated that around 420,000 people suffer acquired brain damage each year. Globally, acquired brain damage is estimated to be responsible for more than 10 million deaths and disabilities each year.

 

Symptoms of ACD can vary, but some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Movement and coordination problems

  • Difficulty speaking or communicating

  • Memory and concentration problems

  • Behavioral and emotional problems

  • Difficulty performing daily activities

 

ACD can be caused by different factors, such as head trauma, brain infections, strokes, and cerebral circulation disorders.

ACI treatment focuses on improving the individual's quality of life and helping them regain their ability to perform daily activities. Treatments can vary, but some of the most common treatments include:

  1. Neurological rehabilitation: Neurological rehabilitation focuses on helping the individual regain the ability to perform daily activities and improve their quality of life.

  2. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy focuses on helping the individual develop skills to perform daily tasks.

  3. Speech and language therapy: Speech and language therapy focuses on helping the individual improve their ability to speak and communicate.

 

HEAD INJURY

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury that affects the brain and/or skull. TBIs can be caused by a direct impact to the head, a violent shake of the body, an explosion, a fall, or a traffic accident. TBIs can be mild or severe and can have different effects on the brain.

In Spain, according to data from the IAccording to the National Statistics Institute, it is estimated that around 12,000 hospitalizations due to head injuries occur each year.

Globally, head injuries are a leading cause of death and disability worldwide, and it is estimated that around 69 million people suffer head injuries each year.

 

Types of TBI include:

  1. Mild TBI: Mild TBIs are characterized by a brief loss of consciousness, confusion, headache, and dizziness.

  2. Moderate TBI: Moderate TBIs are characterized by a loss of consciousness lasting a few minutes to hours, nausea, vomiting, mood changes, and memory problems.

  3. Severe TBI: Severe TBIs are characterized by prolonged loss of consciousness, seizures, dilated pupils, weakness in the extremities, and breathing problems.

 

TBI rehabilitation focuses on improving the individual's quality of life and helping them regain their ability to perform daily activities. Treatments can vary, but some of the most common treatments include:

  1. Neurological rehabilitation: Neurological rehabilitation focuses on helping the individual regain the ability to perform daily activities and improve their quality of life.

  2. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy focuses on helping the individual develop skills to perform daily tasks.

  3. Speech and language therapy: Speech and language therapy focuses on helping the individual improve their ability to speak and communicate.

Importantly, TBI treatment is tailored to the individual's individual needs and can evolve over time. Treatment can be a lengthy process, but with specialized medical care and the right therapies, people with TBI can improve their quality of life and regain their ability to perform everyday activities.

 

ICTUS IN THE ADULT

Stroke is a medical condition that occurs when blood flow to the brain stops or is significantly reduced, which can cause brain damage and permanent disability. Stroke is a medical emergency and must be treated immediately.

Types of stroke include:

  1. Ischemic stroke: Occurs when an artery that supplies blood to the brain becomes blocked.

  2. Hemorrhagic stroke: Occurs when an artery supplying blood to the brain ruptures and a brain hemorrhage occurs.

  3. Transient stroke: Occurs when blood flow to the brain is temporarily interrupted.

 

Stroke rehabilitation focuses on improving the individual's quality of life and helping them regain their ability to perform daily activities. Treatments can vary, but some of the most common treatments include:

  1. Neurological rehabilitation: Neurological rehabilitation focuses on helping the individual regain the ability to perform daily activities and improve their quality of life.

  2. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy focuses on helping the individual develop skills to perform daily tasks.

  3. Speech and language therapy: Speech and language therapy focuses on helping the individual improve their ability to speak and communicate.

 

In Spain, according to data from the Spanish Society of Neurology, it is estimated that around 120,000 cases of stroke occur each year.

Stroke is more common in people over 65 years of age, although it can also affect younger people. In addition, stroke is believed to affect men more frequently than women.

Globally, stroke is a leading cause of disability and death worldwide, and it is estimated that around 15 million people suffer a stroke each year. Furthermore, stroke is believed to be responsible for 11% of all deaths worldwide.

 

BRAIN ANOXIA

Cerebral anoxia is a condition in which the brain stops receiving oxygen, which can lead to brain damage and permanent disability. Cerebral anoxia can occur for different reasons, such as a heart attack, respiratory arrest, drowning, or traumatic brain injury.

Lack of oxygen in the brain can cause damage to brain cells and impair function.normal brain functioning. Symptoms of cerebral anoxia can vary depending on the severity of the injury, but some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Memory and concentration problems

  • Difficulty speaking or communicating

  • Movement and coordination problems

  • Seizures or loss of consciousness

 

Treatment for cerebral anoxia depends on the cause and severity of the injury, but some of the most common treatments include:

  1. Oxygen therapy: Oxygen therapy focuses on supplying oxygen to the brain to reduce brain damage.

  2. Neurological rehabilitation: Neurological rehabilitation focuses on helping the individual regain the ability to perform daily activities and improve their quality of life.

  3. Seizure treatment: Seizure treatment focuses on preventing and controlling seizures and other neurological symptoms.

 

BRAIN TUMOR IN ADULTS

Brain tumor is a condition in which a mass of abnormal cells forms in the brain. Brain tumors can be benign or malignant and can have different effects on the individual's health.

Rehabilitation after brain tumor treatment focuses on improving the individual's quality of life and helping them regain their ability to perform daily activities. Treatments can vary, but some of the most common treatments include:

  1. Neurological rehabilitation: Neurological rehabilitation focuses on helping the individual regain the ability to perform daily activities and improve their quality of life. Treatment may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech and language therapy.

  2. Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy focuses on helping the individual manage the emotions and lifestyle changes that may occur after brain tumor treatment.

  3. Pain treatment: Pain treatment focuses on helping the individual manage the pain that may occur after brain tumor treatment.

  4. Treating treatment side effects: Brain tumor treatment can have side effects, such as fatigue, nausea, and hair loss. Treatments can focus on managing these side effects and improving the individual's quality of life.

 

Types of Tumors

There are different types of brain tumors, which are classified according to the type of cells that form them and their location in the brain. Some of the most common types of brain tumors include:

  1. Primary brain tumors: These tumors originate in the brain and can be benign or malignant. Some of the most common types of primary brain tumors include gliomas, meningiomas, and schwannomas.

  2. Secondary brain tumors: These tumors originate elsewhere in the body and spread to the brain. Secondary brain tumors can be malignant and their treatment depends on the type of primary cancer.

  3. Pediatric brain tumors: These tumors occur in children and adolescents and can be benign or malignant. Some of the most common types of pediatric brain tumors include medulloblastomas, gliomas, and astrocytomas.

  4. Functional brain tumors: These tumors affect areas of the brain that control specific functions, such as speech, vision, and movement. Some of the most common types of functional brain tumors include pituitary adenomas and optic gliomas.

 

Importantly, each type of brain tumor can have different effects on the individual's health and may require different treatment and rehabilitation approaches. It is essential that an accurate diagnosis is made and appropriate treatment planned for each individual case of brain tumor.

In Spain, according to data from the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology, it is estimated that around 5,000 people are diagnosed with a brain tumor each year.

The incidence of brain tumors is higher in men than in women, and it is more common in people over 65 years of age. In addition, there are different types of brain tumors, which can vary depending on their origin and severity.

Globally, brain tumors are estimated to be responsible for 2% of all deaths worldwide. Additionally, the prevalence of brain tumors is believed to be 0.5% in the general population.

 

SPINAL CORD INJURY

According to statistics, in Spain there are around 1,000 new cases of spinal cord injuries each year. It is estimated that there are around 45,000 people with spinal cord injuries in Spain and that 80% of spinal cord injuries occur in men.

The most common causes of spinal cord injuries in Spain are traffic accidents and falls, followed by sports injuries and injuries related to violence. People who suffer a spinal cord injury may require specialized medical care and prolonged rehabilitation to regain their ability to perform daily activities.

 

A spinal cord injury is a condition in which damage occurs to the spinal cord, which is the structure found in the center of the spine and is responsible for transmitting information between the brain and the rest of the body. Spinal cord injury can be caused by different reasons, such as a traffic accident, a fall, a sports injury or an illness.

Rehabilitation after a spinal cord injury focuses on improving the individual's quality of life and helping them regain their ability to perform daily activities. Treatments can vary, but some of the most common treatments include:

  1. Physical rehabilitation: Physical rehabilitation focuses on helping the individual regain mobility and muscle strength. Treatment may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech and language therapy.

  2. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy focuses on helping the individual develop skills to perform daily tasks.

  3. Speech and language therapy: Speech and language therapy focuses on helping the individual improve their ability to speak and communicate.

  4. Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy focuses on helping the individual manage the emotions and lifestyle changes that may occur after a spinal cord injury.

 

MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS

Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease of the central nervous system that affects myelin, the substance that covers nerve fibers and helps transmit electrical impulses from the brain to the rest of the body. Multiple sclerosis can cause a variety of symptoms, such as mobility problems, fatigue, vision problems, balance and coordination problems, and speech problems.

Rehabilitation after multiple sclerosis diagnosis focuses on improving quality of the individual's life and help him or her regain his or her ability to carry out daily activities. Treatments can vary, but some of the most common treatments include:

  1. Physical rehabilitation: Physical rehabilitation focuses on helping the individual regain mobility and muscle strength. Treatment may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech and language therapy.

  2. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy focuses on helping the individual develop skills to perform daily tasks.

  3. Speech and language therapy: Speech and language therapy focuses on helping the individual improve their ability to speak and communicate.

  4. Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy focuses on helping the individual manage the emotions and lifestyle changes that may occur after a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis.

 

Multiple sclerosis is one of the most common neurological diseases in Spain. It is estimated that there are around 47,000 people with multiple sclerosis in Spain, with a prevalence of around 100 cases per 100,000 inhabitants.

Multiple sclerosis is more common in women than men and is usually diagnosed between the ages of 20 and 40. The exact cause of the disease is unknown, but it is thought that a combination of genetic and environmental factors may increase the risk of developing the disease.

Although multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease and there is no known cure, there are effective treatments to control symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. Specialized medical care and adequate rehabilitation are essential to improve the quality of life of people with multiple sclerosis in Spain.

It is important to highlight that research and development of new therapies for multiple sclerosis are active areas of research in Spain and around the world, which may lead to improvements in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease in the future.

 

NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASES

Neurodegenerative diseases are a group of disorders in which cells in the brain and nervous system progressively degenerate and die. These diseases affectn to the functions of the brain and nervous system, which can cause changes in behavior, memory, movement and coordination.

Some of the most common neurodegenerative diseases include Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). These diseases are chronic, progressive and incurable, and can have a great impact on the quality of life of the individual and their families.

Although the exact causes of neurodegenerative diseases are not known, it is believed that a combination of genetic and environmental factors may increase the risk of developing these diseases. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can improve the quality of life of people affected by these diseases.

Research and development of new treatments for neurodegenerative diseases are active areas of research worldwide, and it is expected that significant advances will be made in the understanding and treatment of these diseases in the future.

 

ALZHEIMER DISEASE

Alzheimer's is a disease that affects a large number of people around the world. In Spain, according to data from the Spanish Society of Neurology, it is estimated that around 800,000 people have Alzheimer's or some other form of dementia, and this number is expected to increase as the population ages.

Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia in people over 65 years of age, and it is estimated that between 60% and 70% of people with dementia have Alzheimer's. Additionally, the disease is believed to affect women more frequently than men.

Globally, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that around 50 million people have dementia, and this number is expected to increase as the population ages. The WHO also estimates that Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia are responsible for 10% of all deaths worldwide.

 

Alzheimer's disease mainly affects people over 65 years of age. The disease is characterized by a progressive loss of memory and other cognitive abilities, which can significantly affect a person's ability to perform everyday activities.

Although the exact cause of Alzheimer's disease is not yet known, it is believed that a combination of genetic and environmental factors may increase the risk of developing the disease.

Treatments for Alzheimer's disease may include medications to improve cognitive function, occupational therapy, and speech and language therapy to help the person maintain independence and their ability to perform everyday activities. Specialized medical care and appropriate rehabilitation are essential to improve the quality of life for people with Alzheimer's disease and their caregivers.

It is important to highlight that Alzheimer's disease is a chronic and progressive disease, and that long-term care and attention are essential to ensure an adequate quality of life for the affected person and their family.

 

AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a rare and serious neurological disease that affects the nerve cells responsible for controlling the body's muscles. In Spain, according to the Spanish Federation of Neurological Diseases, it is estimated that around 4,000 people have ALS at any given time.

ALS can affect people of all ages, but is most common in people over 40 years of age. Additionally, the disease is believed to affect men more frequently than women.

Globally, ALS affects around 2 people per 100,000 people, and it is estimated that there are around 450,000 people living with the disease worldwide.

 

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease that affects the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord that control muscle movements. The disease is characterized by a progressive degeneration of these nerve cells, which can cause muscle weakness, difficulty speaking, swallowing and breathing, and other symptoms.

Symptoms of ALS can vary from person to person, but typically include muscle weakness, muscle spasms, coordination and balance problems, difficulty speaking and swallowing, and difficulty breathing.

Although there is no cure for ALS, there are treatments that can improve the quality of life of the affected person. Treatments may include medications to improve muscle and respiratory function, occupational and speech therapy to improve the person's ability to perform daily activities, and physical therapy to improve muscle strength and coordination.

 

FRIEDRICH'S ATAXIA

Friedrich's Ataxia is a rare inherited disease that affects the nervous system and can cause problems with balance, coordination and speech. In Spain, according to the Spanish Federation of Ataxias, it is estimated that around 400 people have Friedrich's Ataxia.

The disease can affect people of all ages, but usually manifests itself in childhood or adolescence. Friedrich's Ataxia is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner, which means that both parents must carry the defective gene for the child to inherit the disease.

Worldwide, it is estimated that Friedrich's Ataxia affects around 1 person per 50,000 inhabitants. The disease is most common in people of European ancestry, although it can affect people of any race or ethnicity.

 

Friedreich's ataxia is an inherited and progressive neurological disease that affects the brain and peripheral nervous system. The disease is characterized by progressive degeneration of sensory and motor nerves, which can cause problems with balance, coordination and movement.

Friedreich's ataxia is caused by a mutation in a specific gene, which interferes with the production of a protein necessary for the normal functioning of nerve cells. The disease is transmitted in an autosomal recessive manner, meaning that a child must inherit one copy of the mutated gene from each parent to develop the disease.

Symptoms of Friedreich's ataxia can vary from person to person, but typically include balance and coordination problems, difficulty walking, muscle weakness, decreased sensation in the extremities, and other symptoms. The disease can progress over time and can lead to disability.

Currently, there is no cure for Friedreich's ataxia, but there are treatments that can improve the quality of life for those affected. Treatments may include physical and occupational therapy to improve mobility and the ability to perform daily activities, and medications to treat specific symptoms of the disease.

Importantly, treatment and specialized medical care can significantly improve the quality of life for people with Friedreich's ataxia and their families.

 

PARKINSON'S DISEASE

Parkinson's is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that affects the brain and central nervous system. The disease is characterized by a progressive loss of nerve cells that produce dopamine, which can cause tremors, muscle stiffness, balance and coordination problems, and other symptoms.

In Spain, according to data from the Spanish Society of Neurology, it is estimated that around 160,000 people have Parkinson's.

Parkinson's disease is more common in people over 60 years of age, and is thought to affect men more often than women. Additionally, the prevalence of Parkinson's disease worldwide is estimated to be 1% in people over 60 years of age.

Globally, Parkinson's disease is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases, and it is estimated that around 6.1 million people have the disease worldwide. This figure is expected to increase as the population ages.

 

Rehabilitation can play an important role in the treatment of Parkinson's, as it can help improve a person's ability to perform everyday activities and maintain independence. Rehabilitation programs may include physical therapy to improve muscle strength and coordination, occupational therapy to improve the person's ability to perform activities of daily living, and speech and language therapy to improve communication.

In addition to rehabilitation, there are medical treatments that can improve Parkinson's symptoms. These treatments may include medications to improve dopaminergic function, deep brain stimulation therapy to help control motor symptoms and depression, and other specific treatments.

 

SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHY

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an inherited neuromuscular disease that affects the nerve cells of the spinal cord and the muscles of the body.

The disease is characterized by a progressive degeneration of the nerve cells that control muscles, which can cause muscle weakness, difficulty walking, breathing and swallowing, and other symptoms.

There are several types of SMA, which are classified according to the age of onset of symptoms and the severity of the disease. SMA type 1 is the most severe form of the disease and can lead to severe breathing problems and a reduced life expectancy. SMA type 2 is less severe and can cause muscle weakness and difficulty walking and sitting. SMA type 3 is the mildest form of the disease and can cause muscle weakness and coordination problems.

 

In Spain, according to the Spanish Federation of Neuromuscular Diseases, it is estimated that around 400 people have SMA at any given time.

SMA can affect people of all ages, but is most common in infants and young children. Additionally, the disease is believed to affect men and women equally.

Globally, it is estimated that SMA affects around 1 person per 10,000 to 20,000 inhabitants. The disease can be of different types, depending on the age of onset and the severity of the symptoms.

 

Currently, there is no cure for SMA, but there are treatments that can improve the quality of life for those affected. Treatments may include physical therapy to improve muscle strength and coordination, occupational therapy to improve the person's ability to perform daily activities, and other treatments specific to each person's needs.

NEUROPATHIC PAIN

Neuropathic pain is a type of chronic pain that occurs as a result of damage or dysfunction of the nervous system. It is often described as a burning, tingling, or stinging sensation, and can be debilitating and difficult to treat. According to the Spanish Pain Society, it is estimated that neuropathic pain affects approximately 7-8% of the general population.

Treatment of neuropathic pain may include medications, physical therapies and rehabilitation, and neuromodulation techniques. At FIVAN, we offer personalized treatments for neuropathic pain, using advanced techniques and innovative therapies to help control symptoms and improve the quality of life of our patients.

Additionally, we work closely with other healthcare professionals to ensure that our patients receive comprehensive, coordinated care for their specific needs.

If you are experiencing neuropathic pain, please do not hesitate to contact us to learn more about how we can help you. Our team of experts is here to provide you with the support and treatment you need to relieve your pain and improve your quality of life.

EPILEPSY IN ADULTS

Epilepsy can also affect adults, and according to the World Health Organization, it is estimated that 1% of the world's adult population suffers from this condition. Epilepsy in adults can be the result of brain injury, infection, brain tumor, or cerebrovascular disease, among other factors.

Treatment of epilepsy in adults also depends on the type of epilepsy and the severity of the symptoms. Antiepileptic medications are often the first treatment approach, and in some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the area of the brain that is causing the seizures.

At FIVAN, we offer specialized and personalized care for adults with epilepsy, using innovative techniques and therapies to help manage their symptoms, improve their quality of life and support their emotional well-being. Additionally, we work closely with other healthcare professionals to ensure that our patients receive comprehensive, coordinated treatment for their specific needs.

If you or someone you know suffers from epilepsy as an adult, please do not hesitate to contact us to find out more about how we can help you. Our team of experts is here to provide you with the support and treatment you need to relieve your symptoms and improve your quality of life.

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